Rangoli is a traditional and colorful art form that has been practiced in India for ages . It is known by different names in different parts of the country, like Kolam in South India, Alpana in West Bengal, Ossa in Orissa, and Saathiya in Gujarat and Rangoli in North India. Rangoli designs are made on ground using coloured or chalk powders, turmeric and are further embellished with flower petals, diva, kumkum powder and ground rice paste and other chemical based colors. It is mainly drawn in front of the house doorway, courtyard floor and living room during ever special occasion and festivals like Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, pongal and even weddings.
1. Kundan Rangoli:
Kundans look beautiful not just on dress materials or jewelry but are also ideal for making Rangolis. Kundan rangoli designs are the biggest trend this festive season. Colorful Kundans are used to make rangoli patterns to enrich the festive decorations. Colorful gemstones, Rhine stone or plastic beads are used in combination with color rangoli to form a large design. This one is a beautiful red and blue rangoli.
2. Sanskar bharti:
Rangolis these days are often drawn using a specialized rangoli pen or a funnel. But Sanskar bharti is a free hand rangoli style where designs are drawn using three or five fingers or with fist. This type of rangoli design is very popular in Maharashtra. Sanskar bharti rangoli are made in traditional round or square shape, the square ones are called Galicha.
3. Floating rangoli:
Floating rangoli is apt for indoor decorations where it is practically impossible to make Rangolis on the floor. Floating Rangoli is reusable colorful rangoli design which is used in water to give a 3D look. This design looks dazzling when put in water and add glamour to any corner of the house. This one has been done beautifully with a few colors and a Kundan rangoli floating in the middle of the bowl. A relatively simple rangoli design which can be done by kids also.
4. Floral rangoli:
Floral rangoli is mostly done in South India during Onam but is gaining immense popularity in other parts of the country also. A colorful and intricate colour arrangement of flowers is laid on the floor prior to the functions and festivals. Floral rangoli is comparatively easier to make and are mostly made by young adolescents. Yellow, purple and fushcia are the predominant colour used in this rangoli on a green background. A diya is made on the four corners of the rangoli making it an apt design for Diwali .
5. Peacock rangoli:
Peacock is our national bird and its importance s seen in various festivals and passions. Peacock rangoli image is a popular rangoli design because of it vibrant coloured feather and beautiful shapes. The more colour you add, the more beautiful the rangoli looks. This is a beautiful rangoli design of a peacock and a peahen.
6. Lamp rangoli:
Light add special effects to the rangoli and look best at night time. Lamp rangoli is very popular during Diwali, the most important festival of the Hindus. A metal Lamp is placed in the center of the rangoli or several terracotta lamps are placed along the border of the pattern. You can also use electric bulbs to protect the air from pollution.
7. Ganesh rangoli:
Ganesh rangoli is often drawn during Diwali and Ganesh Chaturthi. Ganesh is one of the most widely worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon. Image of this the auspicious Lord is often drawn to commemorate the occasion. Flour, Sindoor, rice granules, rangoli powder and banana leaf is used to make the rangoli. This one is a breath taking beautiful rangoli where the image of Lord Ganesh is drawn in geometrical patterns using bright, vivid colours .
Alpana is a form of rangoli that is practiced in Bengal. Alpana rangoli is an amalgamation of Bengali culture and contemporary design. The basic design is more or less the same, except that white rice flour is used in place of colors. The patterns are made with the help of a small piece of cloth drenched in a blend of powdered rice. Alpana is mainly drawn during Lakshmi Puja to welcome the goddess.
9. Colorful rangoli design:
This one is a colorful rangoli designs which relies on a continuum of colors and contrasts well with the white colour. This rangoli is sure to lift the mood of the guests and make the house beautiful and colorful. This design requires great expertise in this form of art. It is done in conventional circular patterns because of the overall symmetry of the circle representing the recurring cycle of life. Controlling the hands and maintain balance is crucial while making this design.
10. Rangoli design with dots:
This type of design can be easily created by connecting the dots. This design requires great patience and hard work to get optimum results. White is a versatile colour. It can be used both to draw borders and to fill specs, it blends in beautifully. This rangoli design is done in white rangoli powder and looks amazing on a black background.