Rangoli is an ancient form of art which is famous since many centuries. The art of rangoli making is a unique hand work which is generally followed n the Indian tradition. The meaning of the term rangoli literally means row of colours as we can say beautiful different colours in a single patch of a rangoli.
This rangoli is basically drawn outside the house using different colours and rice powder. The rangoli which is made outside the entrance truly signifies the hospitality and respect to the guests. Another kind of a rangoli which is famous in the south India is a rangoli made up of rice paste. It’s quite famous there and most houses and temples stick to this type or rangoli in south India.
One can see people decorating their houses during various festivals and apart from that there are many people who decorate their house by drawing rangoli on a daily basis. Each state has his own way of drawing rangoli designs some might be bright and colourful while some are simple and elegant. For all traditional rituals and ceremonies rangoli is drawn as it holds an important position. This rangoli is drawn by women and girls by using their fingers. As said earlier different states have their own form of rangoli design the same way the names of rangoli’s too differ. In south India it is referred to as “kolam” in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra it is been given the name “rangoli” in the state of Rajasthan it’s called as “mandana” and in the states of west Bengal and Assam its known as “alpana”
The different rangoli patterns truly depict the culture of their land. It is an art of floor painting and does need talent. This rangoli has gained immense popularity since the any years because of which every house hold tries to follow this tradition.
Rangoli can be simple decorative designs, in the form of geometric shapes, deity impressions, flower and petal shapes, depending on the occasion, made on the floors of living rooms (for various poojas, say- Lakshmi Pooja) and also courtyards, during the various Hindu festivals. Chemical colours can also bring new or modern variation in the design. They create a sense of sanctity in and around the house. They help in removing the negative energy and creating or adding positivity in the area they are made, thus bringing good luck to the house.
Rangoli is also a sacred welcoming areas for the Hindu deities and is also done in the pooja area of the house. Rangoli is generally done using dry or wet granulatesd rice (rice paste) or dry flour, to which Sindoor (vermilion), Haldi (turmeric) is added, to remove negativity. Colored rice powder is also used, supplemented with flower petals and various other colorful materials.
Indian women decorate the floor, in front of their houses with various rangoli designs. Rangolis are often created or made during the tamil month of Maarkazhi (between December 15th and January 15th), which is very popular among the tamilians, especially in Chennai.
Salt glitter is also a good choice, especially among children, in making rangolis, It is a little messy, but some children like to make a mess, when they create rangolis..
Rangolis is called as Kolam in Tamil Nadu, Madanae in Rajasthan, Chowkpurna in Northern India, Alpana in Bengal, Aripana in Bihar, Chowk pujan in Uttar Pradesh and so on.
According to the Hindu Legend, the month of Maarkazhi, is devoted to Lord Krishna and his consort Goddess Andal. Goddess Andal took birth as an ordinary girl. She used to get up in the wee hours of morning and pray to Lord Thirumal to marry her. The Lord granted her wish. So, accordingly, girls of marriageable age pray to Lord Krishna to have the husband of their choice. During this month, unmarried girls make rangolis in front of their house, to welcome Lord Krishna, hoping that Lord Thirumal will grant them a good husband..