Rangoli / Kolangal
Rangoli is referred to as Kolam in the South India. Kolam is a colourful decoration made in front of the house, on the floor, mostly with rice powder or with rice paste, during occasions. Indian women make kolam, early in the morning, on the floor and it is an integral part of South Indian tradition.
Kolam or Rangoli is one of the most beautiful and pleasing form of art, drawn every day by the Indian women in the households. In Rangoli, rang means colour and avalli means coloured creepers or row of colours. Similarly, Kolam comprises of art designs or patterns made on the floor of the house with finely ground rice powder. It is a beautiful custom, which is practiced even today, by the South Indian women. It symbolizes or brings good fortune and prosperity to the house, where it is drawn and also, enhances beauty of the house, by providing a welcoming environment.
Kolam is more like a sandpainting. It is widely practised by Hindus in South India. A Kolam is a sort of painted prayer drawn by putting points and then joining them in the form of loop or design, or a line drawing drawn around a grid pattern of dots
Every morning before sunrise, especially in villages, the floor is cleaned with water, the universal purifier. The muddy floor is swept well, to make an even surface. The floor is washed with cowdung, as it has antiseptic properties and provides a literal threshold of protection from germs and other bacteria, for the home. It also helps in making a contrast with the white powder, and makes kolam look more attractive.