Category Archives: Traditional Rangoli Designs

Traditional Rangoli designs

Rangoli is also known as Kolam or Alpana. This is considered as a traditional art for decorating the walls of houses, courtyards and places of worship. There are many traditional rangoli designs which have been passing on from generation to generation. These traditional rangoli designs are usually made using lime, rice flour, white stone. The designs are intricate and considered as an important ritual.

The art of rangoli has its origins in Maharashtra. It has gained a lot of popularity throughout the country. The style of traditional rangoli designs differs in each state. These traditional designs add joy to various festivals and are considered as an integral part of them. There is no formal training required for learning these rangoli designs. The traditional rangoli designs are created out of rice powder or colored sand. The traditional rangoli designs include pictures of symmetrical patterns of Diyas, Dancers, Gods and Goddess etc. The designs are first drawn and then a layering of colored sand or rice powder is done on top for formation of a picture.

The traditional Rangoli designs have some spaces in between for the placement of Diyas. This surely looks very charming and beautiful. People also prefer to use different colored flower petals such as bright red roses or golden marigolds. An extra dimension is added to the beautiful traditional rangoli designs. A piece of art with beautiful color combinations can be created with dollops of patience, aesthetic sense and some good imagination.Many of these traditional rangoli designs have patterns which are circular and through which the endlessness of time is indicated. The patterns of Rangoli are very intricate and simple. The traditional Rangoli designs have a starting with dots which connect in order to form the lines and geometrical shapes like Om, Swastika, triangles, squares and stars. These geometrical shapes look good when they have unbroken and continuous lines.

Colours of Ugadi

Ugadi is New Year for the people of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

A new style of Rangoli has come up and it called the “Sanskar Bharti”
Style of Rangoli.  It is very popular in Maharashtra.  It consists of beautiful patterns filled with vibrant colors.



Yugadi comes from yuga + aadi, yuga means era, aadi means start.
Yugadi is the start of an era or the new year, for the people of the
Deccan region of India.   The people of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh use the term Yugadi/Ugadhi; whereas the people of Maharashtra term the same festival, as Gudi Padva, which is observed on the same day.   It marks the onset of spring, new life and a new beginning filled with Hope.  It is also considered to be an auspicious day to start any new venture.

Sindhis also celebrate their New Year day, on the same day, as Cheti Chand. Ugadi falls on a different day every year because the Indian calendar is a lunisolar calendar.   The Saka calendar begins with the month of Chaitra (March/April) and Yugadi marks the first day of the New Year.

As usual in India the Festivals are incomplete without Rangoli Designs. Ugadi marks the beginning of a new Hindu lunar calendar with a change in the moon’s orbit.  It is a day when mantras are chanted and predictions made for the New Year.  Traditionally, the panchangasravanam or listening to the yearly calendar was done at the temples or at the Town square but with the onset of modern technology, one can get to hear the priest-scholar on television sets right in one’s living room.

The Kannada and Telugu people celebrate the festival with great
fanfare; gatherings of the extended family and a sumptuous feast are ‘de rigueur’. The day, however, begins with ritual showers (oil bath) followed by prayers, and then the eating of a specific mixture of –

•       Neem Buds/Flowers for bitterness
•       Raw Mango for tang
•       Tamarind Juice for sourness
•       Green Chilli/Pepper for heat
•       Jaggery and ripe banana pieces for sweetness
•       Pinch of Salt for saltiness

This mixture called prasadam (Bevu Balla), symbolises that life is
offer you both bitterness and sweet. One should learn to take them
both in equally strides.