Rangoli is also known as Kolam or Alpana. This is considered as a traditional art for decorating the walls of houses, courtyards and places of worship. There are many traditional rangoli designs which have been passing on from generation to generation. These traditional rangoli designs are usually made using lime, rice flour, white stone. The designs are intricate and considered as an important ritual.
The art of rangoli has its origins in Maharashtra. It has gained a lot of popularity throughout the country. The style of traditional rangoli designs differs in each state. These traditional designs add joy to various festivals and are considered as an integral part of them. There is no formal training required for learning these rangoli designs. The traditional rangoli designs are created out of rice powder or colored sand. The traditional rangoli designs include pictures of symmetrical patterns of Diyas, Dancers, Gods and Goddess etc. The designs are first drawn and then a layering of colored sand or rice powder is done on top for formation of a picture.
The traditional Rangoli designs have some spaces in between for the placement of Diyas. This surely looks very charming and beautiful. People also prefer to use different colored flower petals such as bright red roses or golden marigolds. An extra dimension is added to the beautiful traditional rangoli designs. A piece of art with beautiful color combinations can be created with dollops of patience, aesthetic sense and some good imagination.
Many of these traditional rangoli designs have patterns which are circular and through which the endlessness of time is indicated. The patterns of Rangoli are very intricate and simple. The traditional Rangoli designs have a starting with dots which connect in order to form the lines and geometrical shapes like Om, Swastika, triangles, squares and stars. These geometrical shapes look good when they have unbroken and continuous lines.